Coffee production systems
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The methods of coffee production in the world are always very diverse; each place has its technique to suit the soil and climate conditions, … thereby bringing high yields. Here are some exciting ways to grow coffee, showing the connection between coffee and green ecology.
Methods of coffee production
Each coffee growing technique has its effects and, of course, before applying, it is necessary to note the conditions of the plant variety and environment to see the suitability.
Coffee production: Forest coffee
The coffee trees will be grown wild in the forest without human cultivation. The coffee tree will grow independently; the farmers only pick ripe berries from the tree. With this self-sufficient growth, the genetic diversity of coffee will be very high.
The amount of coffee harvested from this growing method is also very large. According to a study of the total coffee coming from Ethiopia each year, 5-10% of the beans come from the coffee forest.
For this method, the number of green coffee beans obtained from each plant will be relatively small.
Coffee production: Semi-forest coffee
This method is similar to the coffee forest, but the coffee tree will not grow 100% wild. Farmers will trim shrubs or foliage on trees to create a growing environment for coffee trees. Besides, they can bring plants here to plant and bring them to the outside environment.
Coffee Production: garden coffee
Coffee trees are grown on small plots of land around or near the house. The plots will not be too big, with only a few hundred trees. This type of garden coffee in Ethiopia is prevalent, accounting for up to 50% of annual production.
Coffee varieties from this method are pretty similar to the semi-forest method. Many varieties are selected from the surrounding forests.
Coffee production: Coffee Estate
The farms can be small or medium, depending on the owner’s investment level. This method is commonly used in southwestern Ethiopia, while other regions, such as the south, prefer large farms. Each region has its way of choosing farms. Coffee trees will enjoy more care from farmers than the forest and semi-forest methods. As a result, productivity is also higher.
Each method will create coffee of different quality suitable for each use purpose and the coffee “gut” of the supplier. There are places that like the wild, elusive growth of forest coffee, but also places that like farm coffee’s high yield and strict process.
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