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Do you know why scientists tried to create the Cenicafé 1 coffee variety?


The world of coffee is inherently impressive with its natural genetic diversity and the uniqueness of each variety. However, throughout its history, researchers have always strived to create new varieties such as Cenicafé 1 coffee. When this type of coffee appeared, it attracted the attention of the scientific community in the coffee industry. Let’s explore with 43 Factory Coffee Roaster how this coffee variety was created and the reasons behind the efforts of scientists.


How scientists created the Cenicafé 1 coffee variety?


Cenicafé 1 is a new coffee variety, created by the Colombian Coffee Growers Federation (FNC) and the Cenicafé Research Center as part of the Coffee Breeding Strategy. It took these organizations up to 20 years of research to successfully breed it. Cenicafé 1 is a hybrid of Caturra and Timor Hybrid 1343. Initially, scientists mated and selected 116 advanced generations from hybrids of these plants. From those 116 varieties, they continued to narrow down the progeny until they obtained the optimal new variety.

Inheriting good characteristics from Caturra and Timor Hybrid 1343, the Cenicafé 1 coffee variety is not only resistant to leaf rust but also to Coffee Berry Disease, which damages coffee berries (a fungus that lives in the bark of coffee trees). Additionally, according to FNC, Cenicafé 1 achieves Castillo-level productivity, with medium-large grain size and premium flavor potential. The coffee even received a score above 80 according to the Specialty Coffee Association’s assessment, reaching the specialty coffee level.

cà phê Cenicafé 1

Cenicafé 1 was created by FNC and the Cenicafé Research Center from the Coffee Breeding Strategy


Why create new varieties like Cenicafé 1 coffee?


Coffee production is an important source of income for millions of people around the world. However, with challenges from climate change and environmental changes, the coffee industry is facing significant pressure on quality, with coffee output decreasing sharply due to the adaptability of current coffee varieties. Some coffee varieties cannot survive and are at risk of extinction, threatening the diversity and sustainable development of the coffee industry. Therefore, creating new varieties like Cenicafé 1 coffee is urgent.

According to World Coffee Research (WCR), the industry needs new varieties and needs them quickly to meet the challenges of climate change, global warming, as well as the prevalence of diseases and pests. WCR holds the view that, as Arabica production declines, coffee will need to have higher yields to keep up with market demand. But this problem can only be addressed when alternative varieties that are more suitable for today’s unpredictable weather conditions are found.

cà phê Cenicafé 1

Cenicafe 1 coffee has the ability to resist rust and Coffee Berry Disease that damage coffee cherries and achieve high productivity

In addition, Arabica coffee today exhibits very high genetic uniformity. With very little genetic variation between breeds, this species is more vulnerable to climate change, pests, diseases, and more. Therefore, it is necessary to research new varieties that not only bring genetic variation but also quality, yield, and hardiness like Cenicafé 1. This will help producers avoid the risk of crop failure, pests, and epidemics, while also facilitating access to specialty markets with higher prices.

Follow 43 Factory Coffee Roaster’s news channel to discover new coffee industry updates.

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